Child Development, University of Maryland
Cohort Seven Fellow
Professor, University of Maryland
Senior Research Fellow (retired), Mathematica Policy Research
Areas of Expertise
Early Childhood Education and Initiatives, Families and Family Systems, Latent Class Analysis or Cluster Analysis, Regression Modeling, Structural Equation Models, Fathers, Infants and Toddlers, Low-Income Families and Individuals, Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups
Catherine Kuhns is a doctoral student in the department of Human Development and Quantitative Methodology at the University of Maryland, where she is also pursuing a Certificate in Population Studies from the Maryland Population Research Center. Prior to returning to graduate school, Ms. Kuhns was a Teach For America corps member in New York City, where she became interested in the resilience and strength of families living in poverty. Her time in the classroom shaped her research interests, which include a focus on parenting young children in low-income and ethnic minority populations as well as improving the policies that target these families. Ms. Kuhns received her M.S. in Teaching English to Speakers of Others Languages (TESOL) from Fordham University and a B.S. in Human Development and Family Studies from the Schreyer Honors College at Pennsylvania State University.
The influence of stress and social support on parenting behaviors among low-income families: Mediational pathways to children's cognitive and social development
Maternal stress is robustly linked to mothers’ mental health and parenting, placing children at risk for abuse or neglect and adverse cognitive and socioemotional outcomes. Efforts to understand the contextual factors that may buffer children from the negative effects of maternal stress and depression have shown that social support can be an important protective factor, yet less is know about the specific types of support that are most effective and how they relate to different types of stress. Using the Early Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (Baby FACES), the current study will examine the direct contributions of unique sources of maternal stress and depressive symptoms to children’s socioemotional and language skills, the indirect effects through parenting quality, and the protective role of various sources of social support. Specifically, the proposed study will identify key areas of intervention for mothers of young children that aim to minimize the use of harsh, punitive parenting strategies that may develop into child maltreatment. Findings from this study can contribute to the development of interventions aimed at building certain types of social support that can easily be incorporated into child welfare visits.